Medical Oncology is a modality of treatment in cancer care which uses Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Hormonal Therapy and Targeted Therapy to treat cancer in an effective manner. Medical Oncology is usually works in conjunction with Surgical Oncology or Radiation Oncology to give the best clinical outcomes.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy works in a pattern of stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. But it can also harm quickly dividing healthy cells, such as those that lie in the mouth and intestines or cause hair to grow. Damage to healthy cells may cause side effects
Immunotherapy is a breakthrough innovation in Cancer Care. Immunotherapy is the process of activating the immune cells to fight against cancer cells it is a personalised treatment which intends to enhance the body’s defence mechanism to combat and destroy cancer cells. Immunotherapy uses the cells made by the patient’s own body, or treatments made in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function.
Targetedtherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs and is completely different from the traditional chemotherapy. The modality known as targeted therapy helps in stopping the cancer from growing and spreading to other organs. They work in a pattern of targeting the specific genes or proteins. These genes and proteins are found in cancer cells or in other cells which could be related to cancer growth, like blood vessel cells.
Some cancers use hormones to grow or develop, which means the cancer is hormone sensitive or hormone dependent. Hormone therapy for cancer uses medicines to block or reduce the amount of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the growth of cancer. Hormone therapy stops hormones from being developed or prevents hormones from making cancer cells grow and divide.
Cancers that can be hormone sensitive include:
Uterine Cancer (also called Endometrial Cancer).
Surgery is a modality of treatment in cancer care usually performed to remove cancer cells, and other cancer-related symptoms. Whether a patient requires undergoing a surgery or not depends on multiple factors such as the type, size, location, grade and stage of the tumor, as well as other general health factors such as age, physical fitness and other medical conditions.
In many cases, surgery is combined with other cancer treatments such as Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy or Hormone Therapy. These may be given before surgery (Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy) or after surgery (Adjuvant Chemotherapy) to help prevent cancer growth, spread or recurrence.
Cancer treatment sometimes change the appearance of a body part, while re-constructive surgery helps to repair that damage. Re-constructive surgery is most commonly needed after some types of surgery to remove the cancer. A patient may choose to have re-constructive surgery after a mastectomy. In cases involving cancer of Head & Neck it may be required to replace tissues or nerves during the treatment for these cancers.
Radiation oncology is a modality of treatment that involves the controlled use of radiation beams to treat cancer and other symptoms caused by cancer. Radiation therapy also known as radiotherapy is the term used to describe the actual treatment delivered by the radiation oncology team.
Radiation therapy can be delivered to treat a wide range of cancers, and may be used alone or in conjunction with surgery, chemotherapy and other treatments. Radiation Therapy is usually completely non-invasive, and does not require a patient to be admitted for the treatment.
With constant advances in the technologies used for radiation oncology it results in bringing out successful outcomes for more number of patients, resulting in higher cure rates, causing no damage to the healthy tissues, shorter treatment time and improved quality of life. The latest technologies provide three-dimensional images of tumours that precisely target radiation beams to the cancer, limiting damage to the healthy tissues, along with advances such as real-time imaging which captures the smallest involuntary patient movements, such as breathing.
refers to the combined medical practice of hematology (the study of the blood’s physiology) and oncology (the study of cancer). This type of medicine diagnoses and treats cancerous blood disorders and cancers, and manages symptoms of these diseases and resultant tumors (if present). Hematologists-oncologists treat
Hodgkin lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Leukemia,Multiple myeloma, Iron deficiency anemia, Hemophilia, Sickle cell disease, Thalassemia, von Willebrand disease, Polycythemia vera, Clotting disorders